Gum disease, also called periodontal disease, is an infection that attacks the tissues and gums that surround and support your teeth. This disease is caused by the buildup of plaque on the teeth, above and below the gum line. If left untreated, gum disease can cause tooth loss. Periodontal disease is usually painless, so you may not know that you have it. However, the following are signs of gum disease:

  • Gums that bleed when you brush and floss
  • Red, swollen, or tender gums
  • Receding gums
  • Persistent bad breath or bad taste in the mouth
  • Gums receding from the teeth
  • Loose or drifting teeth
  • Changes in your bite
  • Deep pockets between your teeth and gums

When a patient has periodontal disease, Dr. Joseph C. Styger may recommend scaling and root planing.

Scaling and root planing is a procedure that is performed to treat gum disease in San Francisco, California, before it becomes serious. Scaling cleans your teeth above and below the gums all the way down to the roots. After your teeth have been scaled, our dentist will perform root planing, the smoothing of your teeth’s roots. This is done because it is harder for plaque to adhere to smooth surfaces.

We encourage you to contact our dental office today to learn more and to schedule an appointment.