Gum disease has different stages and degrees of infection. Plaque at the gum line can harden into tartar. This exposes the gum tissue to the constant presence of bacteria which leads to the mild case of gum disease known as gingivitis.
The Initial symptoms include red or inflamed gums that tend to bleed easily when brushing and flossing. Many people with gingivitis also struggle with chronic bad breath.
In some cases, gingivitis can be mitigated by a general improvement of your oral hygiene routine. This includes brushing your teeth twice a day with abrasive toothpaste followed by flossing between your teeth and along the gum line.
Tartar at the gum line can be very hard to remove yourself. It usually requires the techniques and training of the dental professionals at your regular dental checkup and cleaning.
If gingivitis is not resolved in short order, the tartar buildup at the gum line can advance into a more serious condition know as periodontitis. This stage of gum disease often causes the gums to pull back from your teeth creating pockets that can harbor bacterial infection. The infection even has the potential to cause a loss of bone material in your jaw where your teeth are anchored.
If you are concerned that you might be developing gum disease or you are overdue for your regular dental cleaning, please call us at (415) 421-0811 to schedule an appointment.